The National Center for Victims of Crime reports the most recent (June 2009) statistics about stalking.
- 3.4 million People over the age of 18 are stalked each year in the United States.
- 3 in 4 stalking victims are stalked by someone they know.
- 30% of stalking victims are stalked by a current or former intimate partner.
- 10% of stalking victims are stalked by a stranger.
- Persons aged 18-24 years experience the highest rate of stalking.
- 11% of stalking victims have been stalked for 5 years or more.
- 46% of stalking victims experience at least one unwanted contact per week.
- 1 in 4 victims report being stalked through the use of some form of technology (such as email or instant messaging).
- 10% of victims report being monitored with global positioning systems (GPS), and 8% report being monitored through video.
Stalking: Occurs when an individual follows a pattern of behavior that leaves someone else feeling afraid, nervous, harassed, or in danger. Legal definitions vary from one jurisdiction to another.
Stalking behaviors include:
- Repeated undesired contact (phone calls, emails, letters, texting, showing up unexpectedly, etc.)
- Making threats to the individual or her or his family using any available means
- Any other behavior used to contact, harass, track, or threaten the individual
Cyber-stalking: Characterized by threatening behaviors and unwanted advances directed from one individual to another over the Internet and other on-line computer oriented communications.
Cyber stalking can take forms such as:
- Threatening/obscene email, text messaging, blogs, social networking sites
- Fraudulent subscriptions to mailing lists, most notably religious or porn lists
- Live chat harassment or flaming (on-line verbal abuse)
- Tracing victim's computer and Internet activity
- Can include off-line stalking/harassment